Personality traits of successful leaders that have been identified in traits theory of leadership show no consistent pattern for example, successful sales managers have been found to be optimistic, enthusiastic and dominant, while production managers are progressive, introverted, cooperative and respectful of others. Storey (2004) identifies the main theories as trait theory, behavioural theories, situational and contingency theories, exchange and path-goal models, new leadership (charismatic and transformational theories), constructivist theory, leadership with learning and post-charismatic and post-transformational theories. Hint: both the trait and behavioral leadership theories were attempts to find the “one best leadership style in all situations” thus they are called universal leader theories according to stogdill and mann, it was illustrated that traits were considered a mutual concept after conducting several researches. Trait theories argue that effective leaders share a number of common personality characteristics, or traits early trait theories said that leadership is an innate, instinctive quality that you do or don't have.
641 trait theories trait theories of leadership identify the specific personality traits that distinguish leaders from non-leaders they are based on the premise that leaders are 'born, not made' (ie, that leadership is largely innate, rather than being developed through learning. Trait theory of leadership the trait model of leadership is based on the characteristics of many leaders - both successful and unsuccessful - and is used to predict leadership effectiveness the resulting lists of traits are then compared to those of potential leaders to assess their likelihood of success or failure. Both trait and behavioral theories contained significant limitations both trait and behavioral theories are the basis for the leaders “made/born” debate both approaches to leadership can teach current and future managers valuable lessons about leading difference people / organization have difference approaches to understand leadership.
Behavioral leadership theories assume that leaders are made and not born and that successful leadership is a learnable, definable behavior the trait theories on the other hand postulate that successful leadership is determined by inherit. Trait theories often identify particular personality or behavioral characteristics shared by leaders but if particular traits are key features of leadership. The trait theory of leadership focuses on identifying different personality traits and characteristics that are linked to successful leadership across a variety of situations this line of research emerged as one of the earliest types of investigations into the nature of effective leadership and is tied to the great man theory of leadership first proposed by thomas carlyle in the mid-1800s. Trait-behavioral model of leadership effectiveness and then exam- ining the relative validity of leader traits (gender, intelligence, personality) and behaviors (transformational-transactional, initiat. The similarity between the trait and behavioral leadership theories is that they are both universal theories, or they are seeking one best leadership style for all situations the difference is the approach to determining leadership effectiveness.
Proponents of trait theories believe that a leader is “born” they often describe leaders in terms of their personal characteristics, such as “charismatic” and “driven” behaviorists believe leadership can be taught, or nurtured, by providing the necessary skills to an individual to be an effective leader. Research related to trait theory leadership traits include physical or background leadership approach behavioral theory behavior theory focuses on what an effective leader “does” leadership is not leadership theory simplified - fspsd200 author: allisen penn subject. Behavioral leadership theories are developed scientifically by behavior-focused studies of a leader‘s behavior in a conditioned situation that one can have a specific response to specific stimuli this behavior-focused approach provides real marketing potential. The behavioral theory of leadership and the contingency theory of leadership are two different approaches used by behavioral scientist to understand leadership the intention is to present a comparative analysis of the two leadership theories. The trait theory of leadership is an early assumption that leaders are born and due to this belief, those that possess the correct qualities and traits are better suited to leadership this theory often identifies behavioural characteristics that are common in leaders.
7) behavioral leadership theories these leadership theories focus on what leaders actually do (on the actions of leaders) - they do not focus on inborn capabilities, mental traits, or particular personality characteristics. The trait theory became more popular among the researchers for the interesting side of how traits influence the leadership (bryman,1992) for example, one research found that personality traits were strongly related to one’s perception of leadership (lord, devender, and alliger,1986. Most approaches to explaining leadership effectiveness focus on either leader traits (eg personality, intelligence, gender) or leader behaviors (eg directive, participative, charismatic, servant leadership) both approaches have been shown to have merit, but how do traits and behaviors work. Trait theories can be described as a branch of the great man theory these any other, incorporates multiple leadership theories such as behavior, charismatic, situational and transactional leadership styles autocratic leadership.
Trait leadership theory believes leaders are born with an inherent ability to lead, case in point, “research into twins who were separated at birth along with new sciences such as behavioral genetics have shown that far more is inherited than was previously supposed” (straker 1974. The trait theory of leadership assumes that a leader must have certain virtues or traits in order to succeed the behavioral theory relies only on a leader's actions. Behavioral theory supports the idea that leadership traits can be learned through development and experience this steps away from the “great man” theory by arguing that leaders can be made, and are not necessarily born with the traits. Behavioural theories (1940's - 1950's) in reaction to the trait leadership theory, the behavioural theories are offering a new perspective, one that focuses on the behaviours of the leaders as opposed to their mental, physical or social characteristics.