The norovirus is mostly associated with cruise ships because of the tight living quarters, constant new passenger arrivals, and the cdc keeping a close eye on virus outbreaks on vessels. Norovirus is a common cause of epidemics of gastroenteritis on cruise ships the us centers for disease control and prevention through its vessel sanitation program record and investigate outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness—mostly caused by norovirus—on cruise ships with both a us and foreign itinerary  there were 12 in 2015, and. The cruise ship was sanitized according to vessel sanitation program between the boarding of new passengers, however, the norovirus cases continued on subsequent cruises, although at a decreased level and caused by several strains of norovirus instead of the original, single strain. The vessel sanitation program randomly inspects ships that dock at us ports at least twice a year to help control the spread of gastrointestinal illnesses like norovirus.
Guideline for the prevention and control of norovirus gastroenteritis outbreaks in healthcare settings - volume 32 issue 10 - taranisia maccannell, craig a umscheid, rajender k agarwal, ingi lee, gretchen kuntz, kurt b stevenson, healthcare infection control practices advisory committee (hicpac) vessel sanitation program construction. Norovirus is a highly contagious viral illness that often goes by other names, such as viral gastroenteritis, stomach flu, and food poisoning the symptoms include nausea , vomiting , diarrhea. 1 vessel sanitation program 2011 operations manual us department of health and human services centers for disease norovirus is a common cause of viral gastroenteritis found on cruise ships types of bacterial gastroenteritis on visiting cruise ships page 4.
Centers for disease control and prevention): vessel sanitation program the usa’s vessel sanitation program (vsp) has the longest experience in gastroenteritis surveillance, goodgame r norovirus gastroenteritis curr gastroenterol rep 20068:401-408. The centers for disease control and prevention’s vessel sanitation program works to inspect ships that dock in ports in the united states for cleanliness the program aims to control the spread of gastrointestinal illnesses, such as norovirus, on cruise vessels. Norovirus challenges aboard cruise ships eilif dahl 1 gastroenteritis is a major health concern aboard cruise ships  poor sanitation already in the 1970’s the vessel sanitation program (vsp) in cooperation with the cruise industry  the comprehensive program helped the ships to minimize the risk of.
Explorer of the seas and cruise ship illnesses: norovirus strikes again january 30, 2014 by janelle vaesa, mph leave a comment vessel sanitation program the most common cause is the norovirus, also known as the stomach flu while it is still unknown what the cause of the explorer of the sea’s illnesses, it is thought to be the. A few years ago, the cruise ship health news was all about the norovirus, nicknamed the ‘cruise ship virus’ norovirus is an infection that causes over 20 million cases of gastroenteritis annually in the us alone and for which there is no treatment. Strategies for norovirus infection control robert e wheeler, md, facep voyager medical seminars 1 norovirus infection “stomach flu” cdc vessel sanitation program disease surveillance and reporting by the shipboard medical staff. The vessel sanitation program at cdc has investigated a persistent outbreak of gastroenteritis among passengers and crew of the holland america lines vessel, the amsterdam the cause of the outbreak has been determined by laboratory confirm ation to be norwalk or norovirus.
Z total number of passengers reported ill on all cruise ships participating in the cdc vessel sanitation program (vsp) for each year indicated percentages represent averages out of total number of passengers onboard (cdc 2015. In addition, requirements of the cdc's vessel sanitation program have made a difference in reducing outbreaks by recommending which cleaning procedures and disinfectants be used on cruise ships. Vessel sanitation program releases new statistics on acute gastroenteritis on cruise ships some people may associate cruise ships with norovirus outbreaks (and there happened to be one on the crown princess last week), but they are actually an uncommon setting for acute gastroenteritis (age) outbreaks. During may 2004, the vessel sanitation program (vsp) investigated an outbreak of norovirus gastroen- teritis on board a cruise ship sailing in alaska waters the objectives were to identify a common food item source and explore behavioral risk factors for person-to-person transmission among passengers.
In 2013, the cdc's vessel sanitation program logged nine gastroenteritis outbreaks aboard ships, seven of which had a confirmed cause of norovirus about 1,200 cruise passengers were affected by. During may 2004, the vessel sanitation program (vsp) investigated an outbreak of norovirus gastroenteritis on board a cruise ship sailing in alaska waters. While global information on norovirus outbreaks is not available, the cdc runs the vessel sanitation program (vsp), which collects the total number of gi illness cases on cruise ships before the ship arrives at a us port, when sailing from a foreign port.