Douglas mcgregor’s theory x and theory y in his 1960 management book, the human side of enterprise , douglas mcgregor made his mark on the history of organizational management and motivational psychology when he proposed the two theories by which managers perceive employee motivation. In contrast to theory x, or the conventional approach to management, mcgregor (1957) proposed an alter- native approach based on “more adequate assumptions about human nature“, which he called theory y. 'theory x' and 'theory y' are theories of human motivation and management they were created and developed by douglas mcgregor at the mit sloan school of management in the 1960s these theories describe two contrasting models of workforce motivation applied by managers in human resource management, organizational behavior, organizational communication and organizational development. Theory x and theory y was created and developed by douglas mcgregor at the mit sloan school of management in the 1960s it describes two very different attitudes towards workforce motivation mcgregor felt that companies followed either one of these approaches. Theory x and theory y douglas mcgregor (1906 - 1964) is one of the forefathers of management theory and one of the top business thinkers of all time he was a social psychologist who became the president of antioch college.
Aacsb: analytic blooms: remember learning objective: 01-01 define the term organizational behavior and contrast mcgregor's theory x and theory y assumptions about employees level of difficulty: 1 easy topic: some faqs about studying ob 10 this is the end of the preview. Theory x and y theory x and theory y were ideas created by management professor, douglas mcgregor these theories were originally introduced in 1960 in his book “the human side of enterprise” and describe two very different management styles. Theory x and theory y were introduced in 1960 by douglas mcgregor, an american social psychologist in his book ‘the human side of enterprise’ this is one of the most famous motivational theories in management.
Theory x and theory y are management and motivation theories that describe two contrasting models of workforce motivation in organizational behavior, human resource management, organizational development and organizational communication. The theory x and y was developed by douglas murray mcgregor a social psychologist in his classic book the human side of enterprise mcgregor's model suggests that there are two fundamental approaches to managing people the authoritarian style of management and the democratic style of leardership. Below is an essay on compare maslow and mcgregors theory from anti essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples his assignment i will be discussing maslow's hierarchy of needs theory and mcgregor's theory x and theory y. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory and mcgregor’s theory x and theory y for this assignment i will be discussing maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory and mcgregor’s theory x and theory y to begin with, maslow developed his hierarchy theory over a period of many years during the mid twentieth century.
Compare and contrast hrd and hrm - duration: 8:32 episode 109: douglas mcgregor's theory x & theory y - duration: 8:04 alanis business academy 59,591 views 8:04 pmp®. Mcgregor’s theory x and theory y in his 1960 book the human side of enterprise, mit sloan management school professor douglas mcgregor outlined two sets of beliefs a manager might hold about the origins of human behavior: theory x and theory ymcgregor proposed that a manager’s beliefs affected how he or she treated employees and how employees responded in terms of motivation and performance. 258 theory x and theory y concept accordingly, we see the present endeavor as a critical first step in assessing the substantive valid-ity of mcgregor's theorizing. Theory x and theory y was an idea devised by douglas mcgregor (see article) in his 1960 book “the human side of enterprise” it encapsulated a fundamental distinction between management styles. Douglas mcgregor’s theory x and theory y essay - douglas mcgregor’s theory x and theory y biography of douglas mcgregor douglas mcgregor was born on 1906 in detroit, america in 1895, it was here that his grandfather, thomas mcgregor started his business and given its name as, mcgregor institute.
Theory x and y are limited in that they are absolutes as mcgregor defines them, they are the two ways of viewing all workers perhaps in the 1950's when mcgregor conducted his research, theory x was the prevailing method of management and his idealistic (or humanistic) approach to management seemed reasonable to apply in contrast. Theory x and theory y are theories of human work motivation and management they were created by douglas mcgregor while he was working at the mit sloan school of management in the 1950s, and developed further in the 1960s mcgregor's work was rooted in motivation theory alongside the works of abraham maslow, who created the hierarchy of needsthe two theories proposed by mcgregor describe. Munich personal repec archive comparative analysis of theory x, theory y, theory z, and theory a for managing people and performance sreeramana aithal and suresh kumar created and developed by douglas mcgregor in the 1960s, these theories describe two. Unlike in theory x, douglas mcgregor starts from the assumption in theory y that people have different needs theory y assumes that people are inherently happy to work , they want to exert themselves and they are motivated to pursue objectives.
Much after the propositions of theories x and y by mcgregor, the three theorists- lyndall fowner urwick (march 3, 1891 - dec 1983), rangnekar and william g ouchi (born in 1943) propounded the third theory labelled as z theory. Theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise , douglas mcgregor proposed two theories by which to view employee motivation he avoided descriptive labels and simply called the theories theory x and theory y. Theory x and theory y was an idea devised by douglas mcgregor in his book “the human side of enterprise” 1960 it encapsulated a fundamental distinction between management styles. Is limited, particularly regarding mcgregor's seminal work with theory x and theory y in this study, we will explore the relationship between theory x, theory y, and organizational performance.
Mcgregor argues that a management style and activities are influenced by the two assumptions and a manager may subscribe to either or of the opposing theories, which mcgregor named theories theory x and theory y. The concept of theory x and theory y was first proposed by douglas mcgregor in his book human side of enterprise as a alternative sets assumptions about behavior and nature of people at work. Douglas mcgregor, through his well-known “theory x and theory y,” drew a distinction between the assumptions about human motivation which underlie these two approaches, to this effect. In strong contrast to theory x are the assumptions of theory y these are that: theory x and theory y | mcgregor and leadership | motivation | hr the hard and soft approach of theory x | key issues with theory x.